Many tools are used by medical professionals to assess the health risks associated with each person by various measurements such as height, weight and waist circumference, but one very important indicator to screen for overweight and obese individuals is the BMI – the Body Mass Index.

BMI is calculated by taking a person’s weight in kilograms and dividing it by their height in meters, squared. The resulting number is then categorized into either underweight, normal, overweight, obese or morbidly obese.

There are plenty of online sites that will quickly calculate your BMI for you using feet, inches and pounds so you don’t have to do the math, such as the BMI calculator found at www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/educational/lose_wt/BMI/bmicalc.htm or there are graph charts to make it easy to locate where you fall on the BMI scale, like the one included below.

Your BMI number determines your level of body fat and helps your health care provider to determine your overall fitness and your risk of developing any chronic diseases. The World Health Organization (WHO) considers a BMI below 18.5 to be underweight, between 18.5 and 24.9 a healthy weight, between 25-29.9 overweight, and a BMI 30 or over as obese.

Why is your BMI so important? Because the higher your body fat, the more likely you are to develop:

  • High Blood Cholesterol
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Type 2 Diabetes
  • Heart Disease
  • Stroke
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Cancer
  • Gallbladder Disease
  • Snoring and/or Sleep Apnea
  • Ostoeoarthritis
  • Joint Disease

Here at Cardio-Metabolic Medicine, we calculate your BMI at every visit and also add weight circumference and fat % to make sure we know where you are on the chart and where you should aim to be. Our entire team works together to make sure you reduce your BMI to a healthier state as we guide you through your weight loss journey.

References:

www.news-medical.net/health/what-is-body-mass-index-(BMI).aspx ; https://healthyeating.sfgate.com/bmi-important-8377.html

http://www.who.int/gho/ncd/risk_factors/bmi_text/en/